The underground city of Derinkuyu

The underground cities were first built by the Phrygians and were enlarged by the Byzantines. They were conceived as a retreat and could be closed from the inside by large stone doors. Airshafts up to 100 feet deep, wells and storerooms made longer stays possible.

Derinkuyu is the biggest excavated underground city and was discovered in 1963. You can visit 11 floors; the other floors are not excavated yet. At the present time Derinkuyu has a dimension of 2000 square feet though it is estimated to have a total dimension of 7000 square feet.

The different floors could be blocked off separately and the city was connected to other underground cities with tunnels miles long. It is assumed a population between 3000 and 50000 could have lived in this city.

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